Home Fiqh Fatawa Guide of Prayer for Beginners

Guide of Prayer for Beginners


1> Stand up facing Kabah. It is called Qiyam( or qiyam). The space between feet should be about a hand span (not more). They should be pointing towards Kabah.


2> Say, “I pray four rakah (or two, three etc..) Fard  of salat al-isha <or asr, fajr etc..> (if its Fard or say Sunnat if its Sunnat or Say Nafil if its Nafil) for Allah Tala ( you can add’Face towards Kabah’)”. If praying behind Imam add “Behind this Imam”. It is called Niyat (niyyah, Intention). 

   It is fard to say the Niyat. Niyat is made in your heart, you can made niyat verbally as well (with heart). Uttering niyat by mouth is sunnat in tha Shafi’i Maddhab. (making niyat in heart is obligatory and must be made with Allah Hu Akbar at the same time)

3> Raise both of your hands next to each ears. Touch the lobes of your each ear with thumbs. Palms must be towards Kabah. Then say “Allah Hu Akbar”


4> Place the hands above navel and to the left, right hand on top of left hand. Thumb and the index finger should be wraped around the wrist of left hand’s wrist. Rest of the three fingers of right hand should be held the left hand.


5> Now Read,  Vajjahthu Vajhiya lillazee fathwara ssamaavathi val Arlla haneefan musliman vamaa ana minal mushrikeen, Inna swalathi vanusukee vamahyaaya vamamaathi lillahi rabbil hwalameen Laa Shareeka lahu vabizaalika umirthu va ana avvalul muslimeen.” Wait a little.


6> Then read, “Auzu Billahi Minash Shaitanir Rajim” Wait a little.
 Then read, “Bismillah Hir Rahmaanir Rahim” Wait a little. 

7> Then read Surah Fatiha, “Alhamdu Lillahi Rabbil Aalamin Ar Rahmaanir Rahim Maaliki Yaomid Din iyya Kana Budu Wa iyya kanastain ihdinas Siratual Mustaqim Siratual Lazina An Amtaa Alaihim Ghairil Maghdubi Alaihim Walad Duallin…Amin” Wait a little.

8> Then read, “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Rahim”. Wait a little.

9> Then read any surrah from Quran or at least three Ayats(at least 30 letters). For example; ” Wal A’sre Innal Insaana Lafi Khusr illal Lazina Aamanu Wa A’milus Sualihaati Wa Tawa Sau Bil Haqqi Wa Tawa Sau Bis Sabr “ Wait a little.

10> Then Say “Allah Hu Akbar” and bow (its called Ruku), hold your knees with your hands. The fingers should be separated with gaps in them. The back should be horizontally strait in line like a board. (see image)

11> Recite, “Subhaana Rabbiyal Azim we bihamdihi” at least three times. Wait a little.

12> Then start to stand up saying, “Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah – ‘Rabbana lakal Ḥamdu mila`as – samawāti wal-Arḍi wa mila`a mā shi`ata min shay`in  ba’du” Start to say Sami when leaving Rukh (bowing poster) and end with Hamidah when you are fully erect. Wait a little.

13> Now say, “Allah Hu Akbar”


14> Now go to Sajdah (placing face on ground). In sajdah all the fingers of feet should be twisted so that the round soft part of the fingers is touching the ground. Hands should be on the same line with shoulders. Hand fingers shouldn’t be separated with gaps and should be facing Kabah in strait line. Put enough pressure on nose so that the bone of nose should feel the hardness of earth (do not hurt your self but should be firm). Arms should be away from body like a bird opens the wings. see image

15> Now read, “Subhaana Rabbiyal Aa’la we bi hamdihi” at least three times. Wait a little,


16> Now sit down on your left foot (It’s called Jalsa. Jalsa means, Sitting for a while between the two sajdas) the right foot should be sticking out and all of the foot fingers should be twisted. The soft part of the foot fingers should touch the ground. see image. Sit for the amount of time you could say Subhan Allah.(Tadil-i Arkan)

17> Now go back to sajdah and perform as you did before Jalsa.

18> After completing second sajdah, sit for a while then get up and go back to Qiyam (standing up) Saying “Allah Hu Akbar”. Then read , “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Rahim” Wait a little,

19> Now again read Surah Fatiha, Wait a little,

20> Then read, “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Rahim” Wait a little,
 Then again read any surrah from Quran or at least three Ayats(at least 30 letters). Here is another small one. Surah Al kausar, “Innaa Aataina Kal Kauser Fasalli Li Rabbi Ka Vanhar Inna Shaaniaka Hual Abtar”. Wait a little and repeat the steps from 10 to 17.


21> This time after second Sajdah do not go back to Qiyam (standing up) but go back to Jalsa (sitting) but now it’s called Qaidah.
Now read, >Atta Hiyaatu al mubaarakaatu as-salawaatu at taiyibaatu lillaah. Assalaamu ‘alaika ai-yuhan nabiyyu warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh. Assalaamu ‘alaina wa’alaa ibaadillaahisw-saalihin. Ashadu An La ilaha illallah Wa Ashadu Anna Muhammadan Abduhu Wa Rasuluhu.” 
> ”Allahumma salli ‘alaa Muhammad( if you are praying 3 or 4 rakats, stop there and stand) wa’alaa aali MuHammad. Kamaa saallaita ‘alaa Ibrahiima wa’alaa aali Ibraahim. Wabaarik ‘alaa MuHammad wa’alaa aali Muhammad. Kamaa baarakta Ibraahiima wa’alaa aali Ibraahiim. Fil ‘aalamiina innaka Hamidum Majid. “ 

Note 1: When you reach at Ashadu An La raise your index finger of your right hand upward facing about 45 degrees by closing the fist, and drop it back and spread the hand to its original position at illal Lahu.
Wait a little. (see image above)

22> Now turn your head towards right and say, “Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rehmatullah”
Now turn your head towards left and read the same as above, “Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rehmatullah” (see image)

Salah is complete now.(for 2 rakats)

Note 2: If a person is praying three rakats: then he should stand up after reciting ‘Allahumma salli ‘alaa Muhammad'(mentioned above) then should say “Allahu Akbar” and raise his hands as he did in Takbir Tahrimah start his recitation with of Basmalah, Surah Al-Fatihah. This time we don’t recite short surah(or ayats). After surah al-fatihah, say “Allah Hu Akbar” and bow (ruku) again, and then stand up, sajda, jalsa, sajda again and finally repeat step 21 and then step 22.

Note 3: If a person is praying four rakats: we will do same things as Note 2 except from repeating step 21 and 22. after sajda again, we should stand up, and recite basmalah and surah al Fatiha, then bow (ruku), and then stand up, sajda, jalsa, sajda again and finally repeat step 21 and then step 22.

Note 4: Above mentioned procedure it for men. Women performs some parts differently but can still use the same arabic text(ayats, duas etc…) differences in women will bew added soon. 

Amounts of rakats for each time are:
Fajr = First two rakat Sunnat then two rakat Fard
Zuhr =First four rakat Sunnat then four rakat Fard then two rakat sunnat
Asr =First four rakat sunnat then Four rakat Fard
Maghrib = First three rakat Fard then two rakat Sunnat
Isha = First Four rakat Sunnat, then four rakat Fard then two rakat sunnat then three rakats sunnat(vitir).

>> The reason we will be asking you to ‘wait a little’ through out the directions is to separate the Arabic qirat so that the meaning will not change. It is very important.

>> When you are asked to ‘Say’ or ‘Recite’ or ‘Read’ in the directions. The sound must not be loud and at the same time not totally silent. It should be loud enough just for your ears to hear it and not so loud that a person next to you would be able to hear your recitation clearly. If a person next to you could hear only a mimic from you, that’s fine. If you are surrounded by noise such as a fan’s noise and you are not able to understand your recitation, it is okay. In an utmost quite room you should be able to understand your recitation. In any case must say it lound enough as mentioned above.

Some Information About Salah in Shafi’i:

>> You must be with Wudu for all Salahs.

>> (Remember that A namaz<salah> is never valid when one of its fard acts is omitted)

>> Shafi’is who owe namazes(salats) from previous years cannot offer sunnat or voluntary namazes, but it is fard upon them to make up for these namazes.

>> A woman’s leading other women in namaz(salah) is permissible in the Shafi’i Madhhab
>> In the Shafi’i Madhhab, a woman’s whole body, except her two hands and her face, is awrah in Swalah and whole the body is awrah all the time out of Namaz.
>> In the Shafi’i Madhhab, it is fard (obligatory) to recite Surat al-Fatiha behind the imam.

>> In the Shafi’i Madhhab, it is sunnat for men to perform salat barefoot.

>> In the Shafi’i Madhhab, it is makruh to perform salat in clothes on which there is a picture of a living thing.
     If the picture of a living thing in a room where a person is performing salat does not distract attention from salat, it does not render salat makruh in the Shafi’i Madhhab, no matter where it is in the room. (source: İslam Ahlakı)

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